AAAS: Australian Adventure Activity Standard – See Introduction for details.
Activity: an adventure activity.
Activity briefing: informing someone thoroughly, especially in preparation for a task, immediately prior to an activity or task (also see briefing and pre-activity briefing).
Activity leaders: the collective noun for leader(s) and assistant leader(s).
Activity provider: see provider.
Assistant leader: a currently competent person within the role, who takes some responsibility for participants and is able to lead or supervise delegated elements or tasks of an activity.
Benchmark: a point of reference by which something can be measured or judged.
Briefing: informing someone thoroughly, especially in preparation for a task (also see activity briefing and pre-activity briefing).
But not limited to: indicates that a list is not definitive and additional items may need to be considered depending on the context.
Can/cannot: indicates a possibility and capability.
Client organisation: where the client of the provider is someone other than the participants who undertake the activity (e.g. a school uses a provider to deliver an activity for its students – in this instance the school is the client organisation and the students, while participants, are not the client).
Competence: ability to apply knowledge and skills to achieve expected results.
Competencies: the plural of competence. Having competence in more than one ability.
Competent leader/participant/person/assessor: someone who has the competence to perform specific functions.
Context: the group of conditions, circumstances and facts that form the setting for an activity.
Currency: from the present or the very recent past. Currency provides assurance that the evidence (e.g. qualifications, certificates, log book experience) provided is recent enough to show that the activity leader is competent at the time of making a decision.
Custodians: those who are responsible for looking after places and sometimes the stories and ceremonies linked to these places. (From Australian Heritage Commission (2002). Ask First – A guide to respecting Indigenous heritage places and values. National Capital Printing; Canberra.)
Dependent group: a group of dependent participants.
Dependent Participant: a person owed a duty of care by the activity provider who is reliant upon the activity leaders for supervision, guidance or instruction to support the person’s participation in an activity.
Direct supervision: where a nominated person responsible for supervising others during all or part of the activity is able to intervene immediately (also see indirect supervision and remote supervision).
Duty of care: a duty to, so far as is reasonably practicable, ensure the health and safety of persons who are under the provider’s care and charge (including workers and volunteers) while on the activity.
Dynamic risk assessment: a process of assessing newly identified risks and changes to previously identified risks, and the modification of the management arrangements accordingly.
Emergency Position-Indicating Radio Beacon (EPIRB): tracking transmitter which aids in the detection and location of boats, aircraft and people in distress.
Expected results: results of performing activities in the provision of a service.
Fire danger period: a designated time of the year when there is a heightened bushfire risk.
Framework: set of components that provide the foundations and organisational arrangements, or basic structure underlying a system or concept. A framework can be adapted to specific needs.
Gender identity: the gender-related identity, appearance or mannerisms or other gender-related characteristics of a person (whether by way of medical intervention or not), with or without regard to the person’s designated sex at birth. Refer Sex Discrimination Amendment (Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity and Intersex Status) Act 2013
GPGs: Good Practice Guide(s) – See Introduction for details.
Group: a number of participants, leaders, assistant leaders and/or responsible persons located, gathered or classed together for the purpose of completing a part or whole of an activity.
Guide: an outdoor recreation guide advises individuals and groups in outdoor recreation activities.
Hazards: a potential source of harm. This can be a physical (e.g. cliff edge or moving water), technological (e.g. incorrect white water equipment) or intentional agent (e.g. work practices such as manual handling).
Indirect supervision: where a nominated person responsible for supervising others during all or part of the activity is in the vicinity but unable to intervene immediately (also see direct supervision and remote supervision).
Intersex: having natural physical characteristics that are different from conventional ideas about male or female bodies.
Jurisdiction: the territorial range of authority or control. This will generally relate to the state or territory in which the activity is being undertaken.
Land manager: the party that has legal responsibility for managing a particular environment. This may include the power to restrict access or place conditions and/or requirements on anyone accessing that particular environment. Includes managers of rivers, waterways and other bodies of water (also see land owner).
Land owner: the party that owns and has legal responsibility for managing a particular environment (also see land manager).
Leader: a competent person who takes responsibility for people involved in, and is able to lead and supervise an activity.
Loco Parentis: Latin term with the legal meaning ‘in the place of a parent’. Refers to the legal responsibility of a person and/or organisation to take on some and/or all of the responsibilities of a parent.
May/need not: indicates a permission or existence of an option.
Minor: someone under the age of 18 years.
Must/must not: indicates that a statement is mandatory or a requirement. Additional information provided might indicate that the section or statement is mandatory by law.
Non-participating contact: a suitable person not involved in and not located with those conducting the activity, who is the nominated person to act on behalf of those undertaking the activity in accordance with the emergency management plan. This may include but is not limited to responsibility for alerting authorities on the failure of those undertaking the activity to report in as being safe or return on time.
Non-remote: generally a location that is 30 minutes or less from reliable telephone access, 20 minutes or less from vehicle access, and one hour or less from access to professional medical assistance (also see remote).
Organisation: a person, group of persons or legal entity organised for a particular purpose that provides an activity for either commercial (for profit) or non-commercial (not-for-profit or community group) purposes (also see provider).
Other Indigenous people with interests: those people who through their personal or family history of involvement with a particular place have an interest in its heritage values. These people may sometimes be described as custodians.
Participant: a person who undertakes an activity and is not a leader or assistant leader for the activity.
Peer: a person who has equal standing with another or others in skills, knowledge and experience.
Pit toilet: a temporary toilet constructed by digging a pit in the earth and which is then filled in and covered over after use.
Personal Locator Beacon (PLB): a transmitter that aids in the detection and location of boats, aircraft and people in distress.
Pre-activity briefing: informing someone thoroughly, especially in preparation for a task, sometime prior to actually undertaking the activity or task (also see activity briefing).
Prescribed fire: is a planned burning operation of vegetation by land owners or managers to meet management objectives.
Principle: a fundamental truth or proposition that serves as the foundation for a system of beliefs or behaviour or for a chain of reasoning.
Procedure: an established or specified way to carry out an activity or a process.
Process: a systematic application of management policies, procedures and practices, in a series of actions or steps taken in order to achieve a particular end.
Provider: a generic term to indicate the party responsible for the delivery of the activity. This may include but is not limited to an entity, organisation, leader(s), assistant leader(s) or guide(s) and for either commercial (for profit) or non-commercial (not-for-profit or community group) purposes.
Responsible person: a competent person who is able to complete delegated elements or tasks during an activity that does not require the activity-specific competence of a leader or assistant leader.
Remote: a location that is more than 30 minutes from access to reliable telephone access or more than 20 minutes from vehicle access or greater than one hour from access to professional medical assistance in all foreseeable weather (also see non-remote). Note: access to professional medical assistance needs to account for the foreseeable possibility that professional medical assistance via helicopter may not be possible due to terrain and/or weather when determining access times.
Remote supervision: where a nominated person responsible for supervising others during all or part of the activity is not involved in direct or indirect supervision and is unlikely to be in the vicinity, and would therefore take time to respond (also see direct supervision and indirect supervision).
Risk: the effect of uncertainty on objectives. (AS/NZS/ISO 31000:2009 Risk Management, p.1)
Risk assessment: an overall process of risk identification, analysis and evaluation.
Risk factor: an element which can provide a source of risk.
Risk management: the coordinated activities to direct and control an organisation with regard to risk.
Risk management plan: scheme within the risk management framework specifying the approach, the management components and resources to be applied to the management of risk
Risk management framework: set of components that provide the foundations and organisational arrangements for designing, implementing, monitoring, reviewing and continually improving risk management throughout the organisation
Risk treatment: a process to modify risk.
Severe weather: potentially hazardous or dangerous weather.
Should/should not: indicates a recommendation.
Traditional Owners: those people who, through membership in a descent group or clan, have responsibility for caring for particular country. Traditional Owners are authorised to speak for country and its heritage.
Trigger point: a particular circumstance or situation that causes an action to occur. Vulnerable participant(s): (a) a minor; or (b) an individual aged 18 years and above who is or may be unable to take care of themselves, or is unable to protect themselves against harm or exploitation by reason of age, illness, trauma or disability, or any other reason. (Note: different jurisdictions may have a legal definition for vulnerable participants relating to specific law(s) and/or regulation(s).)